Increased risks for a baby
Health and the change of lifestyle of a mother are very important for the welfare of an unborn child. This view has been confirmed scientifically and the same applies for the dental field. Periodontitis is demonstrably a serious risk factor for a premature birth and a low birth weight. A low birth weight and premature birth can have a detrimental effect a child’s development. Children with a low birth weight have for example a higher tendency to infections and chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease and they are more likely to suffer from behavioural and learning disorders. If periodontal disease occurs but it is treated, the risk of a premature birth and a low birth weight then decreases. The oral health of an expectant mother is therefore directly related to the welfare of the embryo. But even after birth, a mother´s oral health is crucial for her child; the transfer of caries bacteria into the originally healthy oral cavity of children takes place mainly via parents and other relatives.